Macular Hole

Macular Hole

What is Macular Hole?

The macula is the part of the retina responsible for acute central vision, the vision you use for reading, watching television, and recognizing faces. A macular hole is a small, round opening in the macula. The hole causes a blind spot or blurred area directly in the center of your vision.

Macular holes are most often related to the aging process, so it is most common in the elderly. Women have a slightly higher risk for developing this condition than men.

What causes Macular Hole?

When the vitreous (the gel-like substance inside the eye) ages and shrinks, it can pull on the thin tissue of the macula, causing a tear that can eventually form a small hole. Sometimes injury or long-term swelling can cause a macular hole. No specific medical problem is known to directly cause macular holes. Conditions that can increase chances of macular holes are:
  • Diabetic Eye Disease
  • Detached Retina
  • Eye injuries
  • History of Retinal Tear
  • Vitreous Traction

What is the treatment?

Vitrectomy surgery is the most common treatment for macular hole. Injections are also a possible treatment choice. In cases where the macular hole is very small, it is possible for the hole to heal naturally. If vision is not greatly impacted, your doctor may just recommend regular checkups to observe the progress of the healing process.

For information and consultation regarding treatment for Macular Hole, contact our main office at (405) 607-6699 or visit our Treatment for Macular Hole page.
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